With dedication to treatment planning, music therapists can provide exceptional services to their clients. Yet, music therapy students and beginning clinicians may be challenged to bridge assessment processes with treatment planning. In addition to engaging, interacting, musi(c)king, and responding, a therapist must be constantly evaluating and assessing. In this text, treatment planning steps are defined and clinical examples are presented to assist students and professionals. A rich environment is created by linking individual cases to treatment planning for readers to observe, process, and problem-solve.